SFP LAW, A.P.C. will provide legal consultation regarding French law to French residents living in the U.S. In the French Legal System, you start with a complaint (assignation) then you serve it to Defendants and Defendants will answer.
However, the difference with U.S Law is that the French complaint is very specific and detailed (whereas the U.S complaint is quite vague as discovery that happened after the complaint is filed will permit both parties to investigate and find evidence). In France, there is no discovery.
The attorney uses the evidence given to him by his client and used by opposing counsel. As a result, litigation is all about exchanging complaint, opposition, reply… for months… until no one wants to answer anymore and then a trial date is set. French Law does not use a jury for civil matters (only for criminal matters involving more than 10 years of prison).